Articles | Volume 26, issue 2
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 469–482, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-26-469-2022
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 26, 469–482, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-26-469-2022

Research article 31 Jan 2022

Research article | 31 Jan 2022

Extreme floods in Europe: going beyond observations using reforecast ensemble pooling

Manuela I. Brunner and Louise J. Slater

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Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-345', Anonymous Referee #1, 25 Sep 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Manuela Irene Brunner, 04 Nov 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on hess-2021-345 Brunner and Slater “Extreme floods in Europe: going beyond observations using reforecast ensemble pooling”', Peter Salamon, 30 Sep 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Manuela Irene Brunner, 04 Nov 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (04 Nov 2021) by Roberto Greco
AR by Manuela Irene Brunner on behalf of the Authors (04 Nov 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (29 Nov 2021) by Roberto Greco
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (10 Dec 2021)
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (21 Dec 2021)
ED: Publish as is (28 Dec 2021) by Roberto Greco
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Short summary
Assessing the rarity and magnitude of very extreme flood events occurring less than twice a century is challenging due to the lack of observations of such rare events. Here we develop a new approach, pooling reforecast ensemble members from the European Flood Awareness System to increase the sample size available to estimate the frequency of extreme flood events. We demonstrate that such ensemble pooling produces more robust estimates than observation-based estimates.