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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Short summary
The hydrology of high-elevation headwaters in midlatitudes is typically dominated by snow processes, which are very sensitive to changes in energy inputs at the top of the snowpack. We present a data analyses that reveal how snowmelt and transpiration waves induced by the diurnal solar cycle generate water pressure fluctuations that propagate through the snowpack–hillslope–stream system. Changes in diurnal energy inputs alter these pressure cycles with potential ecohydrological consequences.
HESS | Articles | Volume 22, issue 8
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 4295–4310, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-4295-2018

Special issue: Assessing impacts and adaptation to global change in water...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 4295–4310, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-4295-2018

Research article 14 Aug 2018

Research article | 14 Aug 2018

The influence of diurnal snowmelt and transpiration on hillslope throughflow and stream response

Brett Woelber et al.

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Cited articles

Bales, R. C., Molotch, N. P., Painter, T. H., Dettinger, M. D., Rice, R., and Dozier, J.: Mountain hydrology of the western United States, Water Resour. Res., 42, W08432, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005wr004387, 2006. a
Brandes, D., Duffy, C. J., and Cusumano, J. P.: Stability and damping in a dynamical model of hillslope hydrology, Water Resour. Res., 34, 3303–3313, 1998. a, b, c
Butler, J. J., Kluitenberg, G. J., Whittemore, D. O., Loheide, S. P., Jin, W., Billinger, M. A., and Zhan, X.: A field investigation of phreatophyte-induced fluctuations in the water table, Water Resour. Res., 43, W02404, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005WR004627, 2007. a
Caine, N.: Modulation of the diurnal streamflow response by the seasonal snowcover of an alpine basin, J. Hydrol., 137, 245–260, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90059-5, 1992. a, b
Czikowsky, M. J., Fitzjarrald, D. R., Czikowsky, M. J., and Fitzjarrald, D. R.: Evidence of Seasonal Changes in Evapotranspiration in Eastern U.S. Hydrological Records, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 974–988, https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2004)005<0974:EOSCIE>2.0.CO;2, 2004. a
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Short summary
The hydrology of high-elevation headwaters in midlatitudes is typically dominated by snow processes, which are very sensitive to changes in energy inputs at the top of the snowpack. We present a data analyses that reveal how snowmelt and transpiration waves induced by the diurnal solar cycle generate water pressure fluctuations that propagate through the snowpack–hillslope–stream system. Changes in diurnal energy inputs alter these pressure cycles with potential ecohydrological consequences.
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