Articles | Volume 19, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 137–157, 2015
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 137–157, 2015
Research article
09 Jan 2015
Research article | 09 Jan 2015

Thermal damping and retardation in karst conduits

A. J. Luhmann et al.

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Cited articles

Ashton, K.: The analysis of flow data from karst drainage systems, The Transactions of the Cave Research Group, 7, 161–203, 1966.
Atkinson, T. C.: Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of the unsaturated zone: An important control of groundwater hardness in limestones, J. Hydrol., 35, 111–123, 1977a.
Atkinson, T. C.: Diffuse flow and conduit flow in limestone terrain in the Mendip Hills, Somerset (Great Britain), J. Hydrol., 35, 93–110, 1977b.
Beardsmore, G. R. and Cull, J. P.: Crustal Heat Flow: A Guide to Measurement and Modelling, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2001.
Benderitter, Y., Roy, B., and Tabbagh, A.: Flow characterization through heat transfer evidence in a carbonate fractured medium: first approach, Water Resour. Res., 29, 3741–3747, 1993.

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
Water temperature is a non-conservative tracer. Variations in recharge temperature are damped and retarded as water moves through an aquifer due to heat exchange between water and rock. This paper presents relationships that describe thermal damping and retardation in karst conduits determined using analytical solutions and numerical simulations, with some support provided by field data. These relationships may be used with field data to estimate unknown flow path geometry in karst aquifers.