Articles | Volume 18, issue 11
Research article
27 Nov 2014
Research article |  | 27 Nov 2014

Iron oxidation kinetics and phosphate immobilization along the flow-path from groundwater into surface water

B. van der Grift, J. C. Rozemeijer, J. Griffioen, and Y. van der Velde

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Cited articles

Allard, T., Menguy, N., Salomon, J., Calligaro, T., Weber, T., Calas, G., and Benedetti, M. F.: Revealing forms of iron in river-borne material from major tropical rivers of the Amazon Basin (Brazil), Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 68, 3079–3094,, 2004.
Baken, S., Sjöstedt, C., Gustafsson, J. P., Seuntjens, P., Desmet, N., De Schutter, J., and Smolders, E.: Characterisation of hydrous ferric oxides derived from iron-rich groundwaters and their contribution to the suspended sediment of streams, Appl. Geochem., 39, 59–68,, 2013.
Ball, J. W. and Nordstrom, D. K.: User's manual for WATEQ4F, with revised thermodynamic data base and text cases for calculating speciation of major, trace, and redox elements in natural waters, US Geological Survey Menlo Park, California, USA, 1991.
Ballantine, D. J., Walling, D. E., Collins, A. L., and Leeks, G. J. L.: The phosphorus content of fluvial suspended sediment in three lowland groundwater-dominated catchments, J. Hydrol., 357, 140–151, 2008.
Benedetti, M. F., Ranville, J. F., Allard, T., Bednar, A. J., and Menguy, N.: The iron status in colloidal matter from the Rio Negro, Brasil, Colloids Surf. A, 217, 1–9,, 2003.
Short summary
Exfiltration of anoxic groundwater containing Fe(II) to surface water is an important mechanism controlling P speciation in the lowland catchments. Due to changes in pH and temperature, the Fe(II) oxidation rates were much lower in winter than in summer. This study also shows a fast transformation of dissolved P to structural P during the initial stage of the Fe oxidation process resulting in low dissolved P concentrations in the surface water throughout the year.