Articles | Volume 26, issue 11
Research article
08 Jun 2022
Research article |  | 08 Jun 2022

Influence of low-frequency variability on high and low groundwater levels: example of aquifers in the Paris Basin

Lisa Baulon, Nicolas Massei, Delphine Allier, Matthieu Fournier, and Hélène Bessiere

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Cited articles

ADES: Recherchez, visualisez et exploitez les données sur les eaux souterraines,, last access: 1 April 2020. 
Barker, L. J., Hannaford, J., Parry, S., Smith, K. A., Tanguy, M., and Prudhomme, C.: Historic hydrological droughts 1891–2015: systematic characterisation for a diverse set of catchments across the UK, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 4583–4602,, 2019. 
Baulon, L., Allier, D., Massei, N., Bessiere, H., Fournier, M., and Bault, V.: Influence de la variabilité basse-fréquence des niveaux piézométriques sur l'occurrence et l'amplitude des extrêmes, Géologues, 207, 53–60, 2020. 
Baulon, L., Allier, D., Massei, N., Bessiere, H., Fournier, M., and Bault, V.: Influence of low-frequency variability on groundwater level trends, J. Hydrol., 606, 127436,, 2022. 
Berghuijs, W. R., Woods, R. A., Hutton, C. J., and Sivapalan, M.: Dominant flood generating mechanisms across the United States, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 4382–4390,, 2016. 
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Aquifers often act as low-pass filters, dampening high-frequency (intra-annual) and amplifying low-frequency (LFV, multi-annual to multidecadal) variabilities originating from climate variability. By processing groundwater level signals, we show the key role of LFV in the occurrence of groundwater extremes (GWEs). Results highlight how changes in LFV may impact future GWEs as well as the importance of correct representation of LFV in general circulation model outputs for GWE projection.