Spectral approach to seawater intrusion in heterogeneous coastal aquifers
Abstract. This work presents a two-dimensional horizontal plane model of seawater intrusion into a heterogeneous coastal unconfined aquifer under the spatially random recharge condition from a stochastic point of view. The stochastic response of the coastal unconfined aquifer is attributed to uncertainties related to the heterogeneity of aquifer properties and spatial variability of the recharge. Based on the sharp-interface assumption, analytical expressions for the variances of the seawater-freshwater interface elevation and specific discharge in the longitudinal and transverse directions are developed using the perturbation approximation and spectral Fourier-Stieltjes nonstationary representations. We focus on the study of the impact of the heterogeneity of aquifer properties and recharge on these results.