Articles | Volume 25, issue 8
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4243–4257, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-4243-2021

Special issue: Data acquisition and modelling of hydrological, hydrogeological...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4243–4257, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-4243-2021

Research article 03 Aug 2021

Research article | 03 Aug 2021

Interaction of soil water and groundwater during the freezing–thawing cycle: field observations and numerical modeling

Hong-Yu Xie et al.

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Cited articles

Alkhaier, F., Flerchinger, G. N., and Su, Z.: Shallow groundwater effect on land surface temperature and surface energy balance under bare soil conditions: modeling and description, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1817–1831, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-16-1817-2012, 2012. 
Bechtold, M., Haber-Pohlmeier, S., Vanderborght, J., Pohlmeier, A., Ferre, A., and Vereecken, H: Near-surface solute redistribution during evaporation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, 17404, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL048147, 2011. 
Bronfenbrener, L. and Bronfenbrener, R.: Frost heave and phase front instability in freezing soils, Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 64, 19–38, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2010.07.001, 2010. 
Chamberlain, E. J.: Frost susceptibility of soil, Review of index tests, Cold Regoins Research and Engineering Lab Hanover, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Hanover, NH, USA, CRREL Monograph 81-2, 121 pp., available at: https://usace.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/api/collection/p266001coll1/id/6303/download (last acccess: 21 July 2021), 1981. 
Chen, J., Gao, X., Zheng, X., Miao, C., Zhang, Y., Du, Q., and Xu, Y.: Simulation of Soil Freezing and Thawing for Different Groundwater Table Depths, Vadose Zone J., 18, 18057, https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2018.08.0157, 2019. 
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Short summary
Freezing-induced groundwater migration and water table decline are widely observed, but quantitative understanding of these processes is lacking. By considering wintertime atmospheric conditions and occurrence of lateral groundwater inflow, a model coupling soil water and groundwater reproduced field observations of soil temperature, soil water content, and groundwater level well. The model results led to a clear understanding of the balance of the water budget during the freezing–thawing cycle.