Articles | Volume 25, issue 8
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-4243-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-4243-2021
Research article
 | 
03 Aug 2021
Research article |  | 03 Aug 2021

Interaction of soil water and groundwater during the freezing–thawing cycle: field observations and numerical modeling

Hong-Yu Xie, Xiao-Wei Jiang, Shu-Cong Tan, Li Wan, Xu-Sheng Wang, Si-Hai Liang, and Yijian Zeng

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Latest update: 02 Dec 2023
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Short summary
Freezing-induced groundwater migration and water table decline are widely observed, but quantitative understanding of these processes is lacking. By considering wintertime atmospheric conditions and occurrence of lateral groundwater inflow, a model coupling soil water and groundwater reproduced field observations of soil temperature, soil water content, and groundwater level well. The model results led to a clear understanding of the balance of the water budget during the freezing–thawing cycle.