Articles | Volume 25, issue 6
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3675–3690, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-3675-2021
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 3675–3690, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-3675-2021

Research article 30 Jun 2021

Research article | 30 Jun 2021

A new fractal-theory-based criterion for hydrological model calibration

Zhixu Bai et al.

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Short summary
To test our hypothesis that the fractal dimensions of streamflow series can be used to improve the calibration of hydrological models, we designed the E–RD efficiency ratio of fractal dimensions strategy and examined its usability in the calibration of lumped models. The results reveal that, in most aspects, introducing RD into model calibration makes the simulation of streamflow components more reasonable. Also, pursuing a better RD during calibration leads to only a minor decrease in E.