Technical Note: Reducing the spin-up time of integrated surface water–groundwater models
- 1School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
- 2Connected Waters Initiative Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
- 3Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
- 4ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
- 5Water Desalination and Reuse Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
- 6Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
Abstract. One of the main challenges in the application of coupled or integrated hydrologic models is specifying a catchment's initial conditions in terms of soil moisture and depth-to-water table (DTWT) distributions. One approach to reducing uncertainty in model initialization is to run the model recursively using either a single year or multiple years of forcing data until the system equilibrates with respect to state and diagnostic variables. However, such "spin-up" approaches often require many years of simulations, making them computationally intensive. In this study, a new hybrid approach was developed to reduce the computational burden of the spin-up procedure by using a combination of model simulations and an empirical DTWT function. The methodology is examined across two distinct catchments located in a temperate region of Denmark and a semi-arid region of Australia. Our results illustrate that the hybrid approach reduced the spin-up period required for an integrated groundwater–surface water–land surface model (ParFlow.CLM) by up to 50%. To generalize results to different climate and catchment conditions, we outline a methodology that is applicable to other coupled or integrated modeling frameworks when initialization from an equilibrium state is required.