Articles | Volume 25, issue 11
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 5641–5665, 2021
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 5641–5665, 2021

Research article 03 Nov 2021

Research article | 03 Nov 2021

Land use and climate change effects on water yield from East African forested water towers

Charles Nduhiu Wamucii et al.

Data sets

CHIRPS: Rainfall Estimates from Rain Gauge and Satellite Observations University of California

High-resolution gridded datasets (and derived products) Climatic Research Unit (University of East Anglia) and NCAS

The Climate Data Guide: NDVI: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index-3rd generation: NASA/GFSC GIMMS National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff

Short summary
East African water towers (WTs) are under pressure from human influences within and without, but the water yield (WY) is more sensitive to climate changes from within. Land use changes have greater impacts on WY in the surrounding lowlands. The WTs have seen a strong shift towards wetter conditions while, at the same time, the potential evapotranspiration is gradually increasing. The WTs were identified as non-resilient, and future WY may experience more extreme variations.