Articles | Volume 24, issue 11
Research article
26 Nov 2020
Research article |  | 26 Nov 2020

The 2018 northern European hydrological drought and its drivers in a historical perspective

Sigrid J. Bakke, Monica Ionita, and Lena M. Tallaksen

Data sets

Hadley Centre Sea Ice and Sea Surface Temperature data set (HadISST) Met Office Hadley Centre

Non-Commercial Government Licence for public sector information The National Archives

E-OBS data access The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)


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Short summary
This study provides an in-depth analysis of the 2018 northern European drought. Large parts of the region experienced 60-year record-breaking temperatures, linked to high-pressure systems and warm surrounding seas. Meteorological drought developed from May and, depending on local conditions, led to extreme low flows and groundwater drought in the following months. The 2018 event was unique in that it affected most of Fennoscandia as compared to previous droughts.