Articles | Volume 23, issue 3
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1323–1337, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-1323-2019
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1323–1337, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-1323-2019

Research article 08 Mar 2019

Research article | 08 Mar 2019

A general analytical model for head response to oscillatory pumping in unconfined aquifers: effects of delayed gravity drainage and initial condition

Ching-Sheng Huang et al.

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Latest update: 07 Dec 2021
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Short summary
The study develops a new model describing head fluctuation induced by oscillatory pumping test (OPT) in an unconfined aquifer with effects of delayed gravity drainage (DGD) and initial condition regarding the hydraulic head prior to OPT. The DGD reduces to instantaneous gravity drainage when a dimensionless parameter exceeds 500. A pseudo-steady-state model excluding initial condition causes a time-shift from the actual transient model in predicting simple harmonic motion of head fluctuation.