Articles | Volume 22, issue 12
Research article
06 Dec 2018
Research article |  | 06 Dec 2018

Climate change vs. socio-economic development: understanding the future South Asian water gap

René Reijer Wijngaard, Hester Biemans, Arthur Friedrich Lutz, Arun Bhakta Shrestha, Philippus Wester, and Walter Willem Immerzeel


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Discussed (final revised paper)

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Latest update: 07 Jun 2023
Short summary
This study assesses the combined impacts of climate change and socio-economic developments on the future water gap for the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra river basins until the end of the 21st century. The results show that despite projected increases in surface water availability, the strong socio-economic development and associated increase in water demand will likely lead to an increase in the water gap, indicating that socio-economic changes will be the key driver in the evolving water gap.