The changing water cycle of the Indo-Gangetic Plain
The changing water cycle of the Indo-Gangetic Plain
Editor(s): A. Mijic, P. P. Mujumdar, I. Holman, I. G. Pechlivanidis, and W. Buytaert
The Indo-Gangetic Plain basin of northern India and Bangladesh is not only crucial for the socio-economic development of the region, but also provides quite unique cases of large-scale groundwater-dominated systems undergoing rapid hydrological change. Since the middle of the 20th century, the Indian green revolution has transformed the Indus–Ganges system from a low-intensity agricultural system to the largest contiguous irrigated area in the world, as well as one of the world’s most densely populated regions. The water cycle of the region currently supports the livelihoods of over a billion people.

Studying the hydrological changes of rivers such as the Indus and the Ganges is complicated, not only because of the multitude and complexity of anthropogenic change, but also because of the scarcity of available data on both the natural processes and human water use. The Ganges basin in particular exhibits extreme hydrological behaviour, including but not limited to the extent of human irrigation, the size and human use of its groundwater resources, the speed of land-use change, and the magnitude and seasonality of the Indian monsoon.

This special issue aims to reflect the state of science on the water cycle of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Contributions are invited on various aspects of the study of hydrological and hydrogeological processes, subsurface–surface–climate interactions, water resources and risks, socio-hydrological interactions, and the relationship between the water cycle and human development.

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15 Mar 2019
Twenty-first-century glacio-hydrological changes in the Himalayan headwater Beas River basin
Lu Li, Mingxi Shen, Yukun Hou, Chong-Yu Xu, Arthur F. Lutz, Jie Chen, Sharad K. Jain, Jingjing Li, and Hua Chen
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1483–1503,,, 2019
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06 Dec 2018
Climate change vs. socio-economic development: understanding the future South Asian water gap
René Reijer Wijngaard, Hester Biemans, Arthur Friedrich Lutz, Arun Bhakta Shrestha, Philippus Wester, and Walter Willem Immerzeel
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 6297–6321,,, 2018
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18 Oct 2018
Spatio-temporal assessment of annual water balance models for upper Ganga Basin
Anoop Kumar Shukla, Shray Pathak, Lalit Pal, Chandra Shekhar Prasad Ojha, Ana Mijic, and Rahul Dev Garg
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 5357–5371,,, 2018
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04 Oct 2018
Precipitation pattern in the Western Himalayas revealed by four datasets
Hong Li, Jan Erik Haugen, and Chong-Yu Xu
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 5097–5110,,, 2018
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11 Sep 2018
Population growth, land use and land cover transformations, and water quality nexus in the Upper Ganga River basin
Anoop Kumar Shukla, Chandra Shekhar Prasad Ojha, Ana Mijic, Wouter Buytaert, Shray Pathak, Rahul Dev Garg, and Satyavati Shukla
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 4745–4770,,, 2018
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09 Aug 2018
Modeling the changes in water balance components of the highly irrigated western part of Bangladesh
A. T. M. Sakiur Rahman, M. Shakil Ahmed, Hasnat Mohammad Adnan, Mohammad Kamruzzaman, M. Abdul Khalek, Quamrul Hasan Mazumder, and Chowdhury Sarwar Jahan
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 4213–4228,,, 2018
24 Apr 2018
Assessment of uncertainties in soil erosion and sediment yield estimates at ungauged basins: an application to the Garra River basin, India
Somil Swarnkar, Anshu Malini, Shivam Tripathi, and Rajiv Sinha
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2471–2485,,, 2018
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27 Feb 2018
Land-use change may exacerbate climate change impacts on water resources in the Ganges basin
Gina Tsarouchi and Wouter Buytaert
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1411–1435,,, 2018
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08 Feb 2018
Assessment of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model for simulation of extreme rainfall events in the upper Ganga Basin
Ila Chawla, Krishna K. Osuri, Pradeep P. Mujumdar, and Dev Niyogi
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1095–1117,,, 2018
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15 Dec 2017
The atmospheric branch of the hydrological cycle over the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra river basins
Rogert Sorí, Raquel Nieto, Anita Drumond, Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano, and Luis Gimeno
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 6379–6399,,, 2017
26 Jun 2017
Water–food–energy nexus with changing agricultural scenarios in India during recent decades
Beas Barik, Subimal Ghosh, A. Saheer Sahana, Amey Pathak, and Muddu Sekhar
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3041–3060,,, 2017
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