Articles | Volume 22, issue 2
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1135–1155, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-1135-2018

Special issue: Environmental changes and hazards in the Dead Sea region (NHESS/ACP/HESS/SE...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1135–1155, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-1135-2018
Research article
09 Feb 2018
Research article | 09 Feb 2018

Dead Sea evaporation by eddy covariance measurements vs. aerodynamic, energy budget, Priestley–Taylor, and Penman estimates

Jutta Metzger et al.

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Latest update: 28 Sep 2022
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Short summary
This paper is motivated by the need for more precise evaporation rates from the Dead Sea (DS) and methods to estimate and forecast evaporation. A new approach to measure lake evaporation with a station located at the shoreline, also transferable to other lakes, is introduced. The first directly measured DS evaporation rates are presented as well as applicable methods for evaporation calculation. These results enable us to further close the DS water budget and to facilitate the water management.