Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1977–1992, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-1977-2015

Special issue: Catchment co-evolution: space–time patterns and functional...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1977–1992, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-1977-2015

Research article 24 Apr 2015

Research article | 24 Apr 2015

Effects of snow ratio on annual runoff within the Budyko framework

D. Zhang et al.

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Cited articles

Allamano, P., Claps, P., and Laio, F.: Global warming increases flood risk in mountainous areas, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L24404, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL041395, 2009.
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration-Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1998.
Anderson, E. A.: Development and testing of snow pack energy balance equations, Water Resour. Res., 4, 19–37, 1968.
Anderson, E. A.: A point energy and mass balance model of a snow cover, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA Technical Report NWS 19, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA, Silver Spring, MD, 1976.
Barnett, T. P., Adam, J. C., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature, 438, 303–309, 2005.
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Short summary
1. Catchments with higher snow ratio tend to have larger runoff index. 2. A modified Budyko method is proposed to illustrate the snow effect on runoff. 3. Snow ratio change has a significant contribution to runoff change, according to historical observations and projected future climate scenarios, especially in northwestern mountainous and northern high-latitude areas of China.