Articles | Volume 25, issue 8
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4455–4471, 2021

Special issue: Changes in the Mediterranean hydrology: observation and...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 4455–4471, 2021

Research article 19 Aug 2021

Research article | 19 Aug 2021

Snowpack dynamics in the Lebanese mountains from quasi-dynamically downscaled ERA5 reanalysis updated by assimilating remotely sensed fractional snow-covered area

Esteban Alonso-González et al.

Data sets

Flexible Snow Model - a multi-physics energy balance model of accumulation and melt of snow on the ground and in forest canopies R. Essery

Snow dataset for Mount-Lebanon (2011-2016) A. Fayad, S. Gascoin, G. Faour, P. Fanise, and L. Drapeau

Model code and software

The official repository for the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model W. C. Skamarock, J. B. Klemp, J. Dudhia, D. O. Gill, D. M. Barker, M. G. Duda, X.-Y. Huang, W. Wang, and J. G. Powers

The Intermediate Complexity Atmospheric Research model (ICAR) E. D. Gutmann, I. Barstad, M. P. Clark, J. R. Arnold, and R. M. Rasmussen

Short summary
Snow water resources represent a key hydrological resource for the Mediterranean regions, where most of the precipitation falls during the winter months. This is the case for Lebanon, where snowpack represents 31 % of the spring flow. We have used models to generate snow information corrected by means of remote sensing snow cover retrievals. Our results highlight the high temporal variability in the snowpack in Lebanon and its sensitivity to further warming caused by its hypsography.