Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2669–2688, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-2669-2018
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2669–2688, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-2669-2018
Research article
07 May 2018
Research article | 07 May 2018

A simple temperature-based method to estimate heterogeneous frozen ground within a distributed watershed model

Michael L. Follum et al.

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Latest update: 08 Aug 2022
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Short summary
Spatial patterns of snow and frozen ground within watersheds can impact the volume and timing of runoff. Commonly used snow and frozen ground simulation methods were modified to better account for the effects of topography and land cover on the spatial patterns of snow and frozen ground. When tested using a watershed in Vermont the modifications resulted in more accurate temporal and spatial simulation of both snow and frozen ground.