Articles | Volume 20, issue 7
Research article
22 Jul 2016
Research article |  | 22 Jul 2016

A practical approach to lake water density from electrical conductivity and temperature

Santiago Moreira, Martin Schultze, Karsten Rahn, and Bertram Boehrer

Data sets

WEBAX - Web access to numerical tools of limnology B. Boehrer

Getting started with TEOS-10 and the Gibbs Seawater (GSW) Oceanographic Toolbox T. J. McDougall and P. M. Barker

Density Calculator - A water density calculator for lakes S. Moreira

Short summary
Density calculations in lakes are essential in the study of stability, stratification and numerical modelling. However, density equations which use fixed constant coefficients are still common in use, despite their limitations. We present a practical approach which can specifically include the effect of dissolved substances by fitting two coefficients. The method has been tested against density equations and density measurements in lakes.