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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2020-409
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2020-409
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  25 Aug 2020

25 Aug 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal HESS.

A history of TOPMODEL

Keith J. Beven1, Rob Lamb2, Mike J. Kirkby3, and Jim E. Freer4 Keith J. Beven et al.
  • 1Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
  • 2JBA Trust, Broughton, UK and Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
  • 3School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
  • 4School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, UK and University of Saskatchewan, Coldwater Laboratory, Canmore, Canada

Abstract. The theory that forms the basis of Topmodel was first outlined by Mike Kirkby some 45 years ago. This paper recalls some of the early developments; the rejection of the first journal paper; the early days of digital terrain analysis; model calibration and validation; the various criticisms of the simplifying assumptions; and the relaxation of those assumptions in the dynamic forms of Topmodel. A final section addresses the question of what might be done now in seeking a simple, parametrically parsimonious model of hillslope and small catchment processes if we were starting again.

Keith J. Beven et al.

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Keith J. Beven et al.

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Short summary
The theory that forms the basis of Topmodel was first outlined by Mike Kirkby some 45 years ago. This paper recalls some of the early developments; the rejection of the first journal paper; the early days of digital terrain analysis; model calibration and validation; the various criticisms of the simplifying assumptions; the relaxation of those assumptions in the dynamic forms of Topmodel; and considers what we might do now with the benefit of hindsight.
The theory that forms the basis of Topmodel was first outlined by Mike Kirkby some 45 years ago....
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