Department of Geography, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, 10617, Taiwan
Abstract. Transit time with its indicative significance in regulating rainfall-runoff mechanism is a key factor for understanding many biogeochemical processes, but is rarely investigated in steep and fractured mountainous catchments. Mountainous catchments in Taiwan are characterized by active endogenic tectonics and exogenic typhoons and thus provide opportunities to explore the hydrodynamic systems over time. In this study, the hydrometrics and δ18O in rain and stream water were sampled by ~ 3-hour interval for six typhoon events in two mesoscale catchments. The TRANSEP (transfer function hydrograph separation model) and global sensitivity analysis was applied for estimating mean transit time (MTTew) and fraction (Few) of event water and identifying the chronosequent parameter sensitivity. Results show that TRANSEP could satisfactorily simulate the streamflow and δ18O change with the efficiency coefficients of from 0.85 to 0.97 and from 0.61 to 0.99, respectively. The MTTew and Few varied from 2 to 11 h and from 0.2 to 0.8, respectively. Our MTTew in the meso-scale catchments is similar with that in micro-scale catchments, showing a fast transfer in our steep catchments. The mean rainfall intensity which negatively controls on the MTTew and positively on the Few is a predominant indicator which likely activates preferential flow paths and quickly transfers event water to the stream. Sensitivity analysis among inter- and intra-events suggested that parameter sensitivity is event-depend and time-variant, affirming a nonlinear behavior in event water transfer function and time-variant parameterization should be particularly considered when estimating the MTTew in steep and fractured catchments.
How to cite. Lee, J.-Y., Shih, Y.-T., Lan, C.-Y., Lee, T.-Y., Peng, T.-R., Lee, C.-T., and Huang, J.-C.: Characterization of event water fractions and transit times under typhoon rainstorms in fractured mountainous catchments: Implications for time-variant parameterization, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2019-276, 2019.
Received: 01 Jun 2019 – Discussion started: 16 Jul 2019
Scientists concern the travel time and the fraction of new water from the sky to the stream to figure out the sources of freshwater and the distribution of contaminants. This study tells a story of water by analyzing the oxygen isotope of rain and stream water. In our sites, a raindrop only needs 2–11 hour to travel to the stream and large storm could exert more and younger new water. The rapid response is likely because of the steep landscape which helps transferring new water to the stream.
Scientists concern the travel time and the fraction of new water from the sky to the stream to...