Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2018-387
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2018-387

  20 Aug 2018

20 Aug 2018

Review status: this preprint was under review for the journal HESS but the revision was not accepted.

Wildfire impact on Boreal hydrology: empirical study of the Västmanland fire 2014 (Sweden)

Rafael Pimentel and Berit Arheimer Rafael Pimentel and Berit Arheimer
  • Hydrology Research Unit, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Folkborgsvägen 17, 601 76, Norrköping, Sweden

Abstract. Land cover changes at watershed scale constitute key issues in general hydrology. Wildfires are one of the drivers of the changes in vegetation, which might affect hydrological fluxes and the water balance. The Västmanland fire in central Sweden burned 14 000 hectares and removed the Boreal forest in this area during the summer 2014. In here, we have studied the change in flow signatures during 3 years after the wildfire. In the empirical experiment we used a paired catchment methodology to compared 2 catchments highly affected by the wildfire with 2 unaffected catchments nearby, of similar character and climate to avoid the impact of natural variability in the analysis of wildfire impact. The average size of the catchments is 20 km2 and a total of 23 catchment characteristics of flow and physiography were defined, trying to isolate each of the hydrological processes affected by the wildfire. We used both in situ flow measurements and remote sensing information (e.g. yearly volume at the outlet of the subbasins, fraction of vegetation or fraction of snow). The results show a change in the snow dynamics over the burnt areas with shorter duration of the snow season and a higher stream flow during autumn. This is probably related to an earlier snowmelt due to an increase indecent solar radiation over the snow cover without the canopy and the change in interception and transpiration from vegetation after the wildfire, respectively.

Rafael Pimentel and Berit Arheimer

 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Rafael Pimentel and Berit Arheimer

Rafael Pimentel and Berit Arheimer

Viewed

Total article views: 1,407 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,146 239 22 1,407 42 37
  • HTML: 1,146
  • PDF: 239
  • XML: 22
  • Total: 1,407
  • BibTeX: 42
  • EndNote: 37
Views and downloads (calculated since 20 Aug 2018)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 20 Aug 2018)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,171 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,162 with geography defined and 9 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 17 Oct 2021
Download
Short summary
The Västmanland wildfire, Sweden, burned 14 000 hectares and removed the Boreal forest in this area during the summer 2014. This empirical study evaluates the hydrological effects of this wildfire. A paired catchment methodology is used to evaluate 23 catchment characteristics of flow and physiography defined using in situ and remote sensing data. The results show a change in the snow dynamics over the burnt areas with shorter duration of the snow season and a higher stream flow during autumn.