Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 35–46, 2004

Special issue: Young Scientist Outstanding Poster Paper Award

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 35–46, 2004

  29 Feb 2004

29 Feb 2004

234U/238U Disequilibrium along stylolitic discontinuities in deep Mesozoic limestone formations of the Eastern Paris basin: evidence for discrete uranium mobility over the last 1–2 million years

P. Deschamps1,2, C. Hillaire-Marcel1, J.-L. Michelot2, R. Doucelance3, B. Ghaleb1, and S. Buschaert4 P. Deschamps et al.
  • 1GEOTOP-UQAM-McGILL, P.O. Box 8888, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3P8
  • 2CEREGE, Europôle méditerranéen de l'Arbois, BP 80 13 545 Aix-en-Provence, France
  • 3Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS (UMR 6524), Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand, 5 Rue Kessler, 63038 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex, France
  • 4ANDRA, 1-7 rue Jean Monnet, 92298 Châtenay Malabry, France
  • Email for corresponding author:

Abstract. The (234U/238) equilibrium state of borehole core samples from the deep, low-permeability limestone formations surrounding the target argilite layer of the Meuse/Haute-Marne experimental site of the French agency for nuclear waste management -ANDRA- (Agence nationale pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs) was examined to improve understanding of naturally occurring radionuclide behaviour in such geological settings. Highly precise, accurate MC-ICP-MS measurements of the (234U/238U) activity ratio show that limestone samples characterised by pressure dissolution structures (stylolites or dissolution seams) display systematic (234U/238U) disequilibria, while the pristine carbonate samples remain in the secular equilibrium state. The systematic feature is observed throughout the zones marked by pressure dissolution structures: (i) the material within the seams shows a deficit of 234U over 238U ((234U/238U) down to 0.80) and (ii) the surrounding carbonate matrix is characterised by an activity ratio greater than unity (up to 1.05). These results highlight a centimetric-scale uranium remobilisation in the limestone formations along these sub-horizontal seams. Although their nature and modalities are not fully understood, the driving processes responsible for these disequilibria were active during the last 1–2 Ma.

Keywords: uranium isotopes, multiple-collector ICP-MS, waste management, remobilisation, migration