Articles | Volume 23, issue 1
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-557-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-557-2019
Research article
 | 
30 Jan 2019
Research article |  | 30 Jan 2019

Assessment of food trade impacts on water, food, and land security in the MENA region

Sang-Hyun Lee, Rabi H. Mohtar, and Seung-Hwan Yoo

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Latest update: 19 Jul 2024
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Short summary
In this study, we quantified the holistic impacts of food trade on food security and water–land savings and revealed that the MENA region saved significant amounts of national water and land based on the import of barley, maize, rice, and wheat within the period from 2000 to 2012. In addition, the MENA region focused more on increasing the volume of virtual water imported during the period 2006–2012, yet little attention was paid to the expansion of connections with country exporters.