Technical note: Cascade of submerged reservoirs as a rainfall–runoff model
- Department of Hydroengineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Al. Piastów 50, 70-311 Szczecin, Poland
Abstract. The rainfall–runoff conceptual model as a cascade of submerged linear reservoirs with particular outflows depending on storages of adjoining reservoirs is developed. The model output contains different exponential functions with roots of Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind as exponents. The model is applied to instantaneous unit hydrograph (IUH) and recession curve problems and compared with the analogous results of the Nash cascade. A case study is performed on a basis of 46 recession periods. Obtained results show the usefulness of the model as an alternative concept to the Nash cascade.