Articles | Volume 20, issue 4
Review article
25 Apr 2016
Review article |  | 25 Apr 2016

Recent climatic, cryospheric, and hydrological changes over the interior of western Canada: a review and synthesis

Chris M. DeBeer, Howard S. Wheater, Sean K. Carey, and Kwok P. Chun

Data sets

North American Environmental Atlas Commission For Environmental Cooperation

National Hydro Network Geobase and Geogratis

Adjusted and Homogenized Canadian Climate Data (AHCCD) Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)

Canadian Gridded Temperature and Precipitation Anomalies (CANGRD) Environment Canada

Canadian Snow Data CD by Province Polar Data Catalogue

NOAA weekly snow cover product Rutgers University Global Snow Lab (GSL)

Peyto Glacier mass balance World Glacier Monitoring Service

Monitoring the World's Changing Glaciers Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS)

Circum-arctic map of permafrost and ground ice conditions National Snow and Ice Data Center

PA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory IPA (International Permafrost Association)

Water Survey of Canada Hydrometric Database (HYDAT) Environment and Climate Change Canada

Short summary
This paper provides a comprehensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the observed changes in air temperature, precipitation, seasonal snow cover, mountain glaciers, permafrost, freshwater ice cover, and river discharge over the interior of western Canada since the mid- or late 20th century. Important long-term observational networks and data sets are described, and qualitative linkages among the changing Earth system components are highlighted.