Articles | Volume 19, issue 10
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 4317–4326, 2015
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 4317–4326, 2015

Research article 23 Oct 2015

Research article | 23 Oct 2015

Impacts of grid resolution on surface energy fluxes simulated with an integrated surface-groundwater flow model

P. Shrestha1, M. Sulis1, C. Simmer1,3, and S. Kollet2,3 P. Shrestha et al.
  • 1Meteorological Institute, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
  • 2Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany
  • 3Centre for High-Performance Scientific Computing in Terrestrial Systems, Geoverbund ABC/J, Jülich, Germany

Abstract. The hydrological component of the Terrestrial Systems Modeling Platform (TerrSysMP), which includes integrated surface-groundwater flow, was used to investigate the grid resolution dependence of simulated soil moisture, soil temperature, and surface energy fluxes over a sub-catchment of the Rur, Germany. The investigation was motivated by the recent developments of new earth system models, which include 3-D physically based groundwater models for the coupling of land–atmosphere interaction and subsurface hydrodynamics. Our findings suggest that for grid resolutions between 100 and 1000 m, the non-local controls of soil moisture are highly grid resolution dependent. Local vegetation, however, strongly modulates the scaling behavior, especially for surface fluxes and soil temperature, which depends on the radiative transfer property of the canopy. This study also shows that for grid resolutions above a few 100 m, the variation of spatial and temporal patterns of sensible and latent heat fluxes may significantly affect the resulting atmospheric mesoscale circulation and boundary layer evolution in coupled runs.

Short summary
This study highlights the grid resolution dependence of energy and water balance of the 3-D physically based integrated surface-groundwater model. The non-local controls of soil moisture were found to be highly grid resolution dependent, but the local vegetation control strongly modulates the scaling behavior of surface energy fluxes. For coupled runs, variability in patterns of surface fluxes due to this scale dependence can affect the simulated atmospheric boundary layer and local circulation.