Articles | Volume 19, issue 3
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1307–1323, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-1307-2015

Special issue: Floods and their changes in historical times – a European...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1307–1323, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-1307-2015

Research article 09 Mar 2015

Research article | 09 Mar 2015

Documentary evidence of historical floods and extreme rainfall events in Sweden 1400–1800

D. Retsö D. Retsö
  • Department of Economic History, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract. This article explores documentary evidence of floods and extreme rainfall events in Sweden in the pre-instrumental period (1400–1800). The survey shows that two sub-periods can be considered as flood-rich, 1590–1670 and the early 18th century. The result related to a low degree of human impact on hydrology during the period, suggests that climatic factors, such as lower temperatures and increased precipitation connected to the so-called Little Ice Age rather than large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns, should be considered as the main driver behind flood frequency and magnitude.