Status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.
The application of Budyko framework to irrigation districts in China under various climatic conditions
Hang Chen,Zailin Huo,Lu Zhang,Jing Cui,Yingying Shen,and Zhenzhong Han
Abstract. Budyko's framework has been widely used to study basin-scale water balance. In this study, we focus on the extended application of Fu's equation (one formulation of the Budyko-type curves) to 371 large irrigation districts in China over a period of 2010–2017. Water balance method was used to estimate actual evapotranspiration (ET) in the irrigated areas. Considering the contribution of shallow groundwater to ET, the water availability in the Budyko framework defined as equivalent precipitation (Pe) for irrigation areas is the sum of irrigation water (I), precipitation (P) and groundwater evaporation (ETgw). Results showed that the relationships between evapotranspiration (ET), water availability (Pe) and energy supply (ET0) can be accurately described by the Budyko's curves. The Fu's equation performed better in humid and semi-humid regions than arid and semi-arid regions. The comparison between δET/δPe and δET/δET0 confirmed the relative effect of water availability and energy supply on ET according to the variation of climatic conditions. The optimal values of Budyko parameter ω for each irrigation district was obtained with multi-annual data using least square method. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and soil property (denoted by the proportion of clay and sand) were selected to develop empirical equation for parameter ω using multiple linear regression analysis method. This study showed that the Budyko framework can be extended to irrigation areas and provide useful information on evapotranspiration to assist in water management in irrigation areas.
How to cite. Chen, H., Huo, Z., Zhang, L., Cui, J., Shen, Y., and Han, Z.: The application of Budyko framework to irrigation districts in China under various climatic conditions, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2021-80, 2021.
Received: 05 Feb 2021 – Discussion started: 22 Apr 2021
With a parameter introduced, Fu's equation has been widely used to study the water allocation in natural catchments. For agricultural irrigation districts, the extra water sources including groundwater evaporation were considered as water availability to improve the applicability of Fu's equation in unsteady-state districts. Soil texture and vegetation cover have been considered to investigate the relationship between irrigation districts characteristics and Budyko parameter.
With a parameter introduced, Fu's equation has been widely used to study the water allocation in...