18 Nov 2021
18 Nov 2021
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal HESS.

Innovatory rainfall simulator design – A concept of moving storm automation

Ravi Kumar Meena1, Sumit Sen1, Aliva Nanda1, Bhargabnanda Dass1, and Anurag Mishra2 Ravi Kumar Meena et al.
  • 1Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand- 247667, India
  • 2DSI, LLC, Washington, USA

Abstract. We developed an advanced design programmable rainfall simulator (RS) to simulate a moving storm rainfall condition. The RS consists of an automated nozzle control system coupled with a pressure regulator mechanism for an operating range of 50 kPa to 180 kPa at a drop height of 2000 mm above the soil flume surface. Additionally, a programmable mobile application was developed to regulate all RS valves. Near natural rainfall conditions were simulated at varying spatial and temporal resolutions in a controlled environment. A soil flume of 2500 mm × 1400 mm × 500 mm was fabricated to conduct different hydrological experiments. The flume was designed to record overland, subsurface, and base flows simultaneously. This study focused on a detailed analysis of moving storms and their impact on hydrograph characteristics. Experimental results showed a considerable difference in terms of time to peak (tp), peak discharge (Qp), and hydrograph recession for two different storm movement directions (upstream and downstream). Two multiple regression models indicate a statistically significant relationship between the dependent variable (tp or Qp) and the independent variables (i.e. storm movement direction, storm velocity, and bed slope gradient) at a 5 % level of significance. Further, the impact of these moving storm phenomena reduces with the increase in the storm movement velocity.

Ravi Kumar Meena et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • EC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-502', Jorge Isidoro, 31 Dec 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on EC1', Sumit Sen, 09 Mar 2022
  • RC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-502', Anonymous Referee #1, 05 Jan 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Sumit Sen, 09 Mar 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on hess-2021-502', Jr-Chuan Huang, 04 Feb 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Sumit Sen, 09 Mar 2022

Ravi Kumar Meena et al.

Ravi Kumar Meena et al.


Total article views: 970 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
775 175 20 970 8 8
  • HTML: 775
  • PDF: 175
  • XML: 20
  • Total: 970
  • BibTeX: 8
  • EndNote: 8
Views and downloads (calculated since 18 Nov 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 18 Nov 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 907 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 907 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 28 Jun 2022
Short summary
We developed a mobile operated programmable rainfall simulator (RS) to simulate the near natural moving storm rainfall condition and to study its impact on runoff, soil erosion and nutrient transport. The designed RS can be used for variable velocity and slope conditions along with the three different soil type at a time. Moreover, the soil flume of the RS is associated with the surface, subsurface and base flow components.