24 Sep 2021
24 Sep 2021
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal HESS.

A hydrological framework for persistent river pools

Sarah A. Bourke1, Margaret Shanafield2, Paul Hedley3, Sarah Chapman1,3, and Shawan Dogramaci1,3 Sarah A. Bourke et al.
  • 1School of Earth Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley WA 6009 Australia
  • 2College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia
  • 3Rio Tinto Iron Ore, Perth, WA 6000 Australia

Abstract. Persistent surface water pools along non-perennial rivers represent an important water resource for plants, animals, and humans. While ecological studies of these features are not uncommon, these are rarely accompanied by a rigorous examination of the hydrological and hydrogeological characteristics that create or support the pools. Here we present an overarching framework for understanding the hydrology of persistent pools. We identified perched water, alluvial through flow and groundwater discharge as mechanisms that control the persistence of pools along river channels. Groundwater discharge is further categorized into that controlled by a geological contact or barrier (not previously described in the literature), and discharge controlled by topography. Emphasis is put on clearly defining through-flow pools and the different drivers of groundwater discharge, as this is lacking in the literature. A suite of diagnostic tools (including geological mapping, hydraulic data and hydrochemical surveys) is generally required to identify the mechanism(s) supporting persistent pools. Water fluxes to pools supported by through-flow alluvial and bedrock aquifers can vary seasonally and resolving these inputs is generally non-trivial. This framework allows the evaluation of the susceptibility of persistent pools along river channels to changes in climate or groundwater withdrawals. Finally, we present three case studies from the Hamersley Basin of north-western Australia to demonstrate how the available diagnostic tools can be applied within the proposed framework.

Sarah A. Bourke et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-461', Leannah Sies, 01 Nov 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on CC1', Sarah Bourke, 14 Jan 2022
    • AC4: 'Reply on CC1', Sarah Bourke, 04 Mar 2022
  • CC2: 'Comment on hess-2021-461', Jasmijn Benschop, 02 Nov 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on CC1', Sarah Bourke, 14 Jan 2022
    • AC5: 'Reply on CC2', Sarah Bourke, 04 Mar 2022
  • RC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-461', Anonymous Referee #1, 09 Nov 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on hess-2021-461', Anonymous Referee #2, 21 Dec 2021
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Sarah Bourke, 14 Jan 2022

Sarah A. Bourke et al.

Sarah A. Bourke et al.


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Short summary
Here we present the first hydrological framework for understanding the mechanisms supporting the persistence of water in pools along non-perennial rivers. Pools may collect water after rainfall events, be supported by water stored within the river channel sediments, or receive inflows from regional groundwater. These hydraulic mechanisms can be identified using a range of diagnostic tools (critiqued herein). We then apply this framework in north-west Australia to demonstrate it's value.