Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; 205 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, Illinois
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion- Israel Institute of Technology; Derech Ya'akov Dori, Haifa, Israel
Abstract. Real-time in-situ measurements are increasingly used to improve the estimations of simulation models via data assimilation techniques such as particle filter. However, models that describe complex processes such as water flow contain a large number of parameters while the data available is typically very limited. In such situations, applying particle filter to a large, fixed set of parameters chosen a priori can lead to unstable behavior, i.e. inconsistent adjustment of some of the parameters that have only limited impact on the states that are being measured. To prevent this, in this study correlation-based variable selection is embedded in the particle filter, so that at each data assimilation step only a subset of the parameters is adjusted. More specifically, whenever measurements become available, the most influential (i.e., the most highly correlated) parameters are determined by correlation analysis, and only these are updated by particle filter. The proposed method was applied to a water flow model (Hydrus-1D) in which states (soil water contents) and parameters (soil hydraulic parameters) were updated via data assimilation. Two simulation case studies were conducted in order to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method. Overall, the proposed method yielded parameters and states estimates that were more accurate and more consistent than those obtained when adjusting all the parameters.
How to cite. Jamal, A. and Linker, R.: Covariance-based selection of parameters for particle filter data assimilation in soil hydrology, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2021-295, 2021.
Received: 31 May 2021 – Discussion started: 28 Jun 2021
Data assimilation uses field measurements to improve field state estimation and parameters of simulation models. However, in dynamic problems, the influence of parameters on the field state estimation that corresponds to the field measurements changes over time. Therefore, when the influence of the parameters is low, the estimations of these parameters might be inaccurate. In this study, a dynamic high-influence parameter is presented in order to improve the data assimilation estimations.
Data assimilation uses field measurements to improve field state estimation and parameters of...
A one-dimensional exercise of data assimilation with homogeneous parameters and no benchmarking is of no interest to the readers.
Please, reconsider submitting a paper with higher complexity in the parameter description (two- or three-dimensional, heterogeneous parameters...) and benchmark it against other more commonly used approaches describing why the new method proposed should be adopted.