28 Jan 2021

28 Jan 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal HESS.

The International Soil Moisture Network: serving Earth system science for over a decade

Wouter Dorigo1, Irene Himmelbauer1, Daniel Aberer1, Lukas Schremmer1, Ivana Petrakovic1, Luca Zappa1, Wolfgang Preimesberger1, Angelika Xaver1, Frank Annor2,3, Jonas Ardö4, Dennis Baldocchi5, Günter Blöschl6, Heye Bogena7, Luca Brocca8, Jean-Christophe Calvet9, Julio J. Camarero10, Giorgio Capello11, Minha Choi12, Michael C. Cosh13, Jerome Demarty14, Nick van de Giesen3, Istvan Hajdu15, Karsten H. Jensen16, Kasturi Devi Kanniah17, Ileen de Kat18, Gottfried Kirchengast19, Pankaj Kumar Rai20, Jenni Kyrouac21, Kristine Larson22, Suxia Liu23, Alexander Loew24,, Mahta Moghaddam25, José Martínez Fernández26, Cristian Mattar Bader27, Renato Morbidelli28, Jan P. Musial29, Elise Osenga30, Michael A. Palecki31, Isabella Pfeil1, Jarret Powers32, Jaakko Ikonen33, Alan Robock34, Christoph Rüdiger35, Udo Rummel36, Michael Strobel37, Zhongbo Su38, Ryan Sullivan21, Torbern Tagesson4,16, Mariette Vreugdenhil1, Jeffrey Walker35, Jean Pierre Wigneron39, Mel Woods40, Kun Yang41, Xiang Zhang42, Marek Zreda43, Stephan Dietrich44, Alexander Gruber45, Peter van Oevelen46, Wolfgang Wagner1, Klaus Scipal47, Matthias Drusch48, and Roberto Sabia47 Wouter Dorigo et al.
  • 1Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 2Trans-African Hydro-Meteorological Observatory, Delft, The Netherlands
  • 3Department of Water Resources, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
  • 4Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • 5Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, United States
  • 6Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 7Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Juelich, Germany
  • 8Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, CNR, Perugia, Italy
  • 9CNRM, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS, Toulouse, France
  • 10Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología, IPE-CSIC, Zaragoza, Spain
  • 11Institute of Sciences and Technologies for Sustainable Energy and Mobility, National Research Council of Italy, Torino, Italy
  • 12Department of Water Resources, Graduate School of Water Resources, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea
  • 13USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, United States
  • 14Hydrosciences Montpellier, IRD, CNRS, Universite Montpellier, France
  • 15PlantTech Research Institute, Tauranga, New Zealand
  • 16Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 17Research Institute for Sustainable Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • 18VanderSat B.V., Haarlem, The Netherlands
  • 19Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change and Institute of Physics, University of Graz, Austria
  • 20Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India
  • 21Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL, United States
  • 22University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, United States
  • 23Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; College of Resources and Environment/Sino-Danish Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 24Department of Geography, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität, Munich, Germany
  • 25Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 26Instituto Hispano Luso de Investigaciones Agrarias, CIALE, Universidad de Salamanca, Villamayor, Spain
  • 27Laboratory of Analysis of the Biosphere, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • 28Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Perugia University, Italy
  • 29Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw, Poland
  • 30Aspen Global Change Institute, Basalt, CO, United States
  • 31NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, NC, United States
  • 32Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada - Science and Technology Branch, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
  • 33Finnish Meteorological Institute, Space and Earth Observation Centre, Helsinki, Finland
  • 34Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, United States
  • 35Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
  • 36DWD, Meteorologisches Observatorium Lindenberg – Richard-Aßmann-Observatorium, Lindenberg, Germany
  • 37USDA-NRCS National Water and Climate Center, Portland, OR, United States
  • 38University of Twente, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, the Netherlands
  • 39MOST, ISPA, INRAE Bordeaux Aquitaine, France
  • 40University of Dundee, UK
  • 41Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 42State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 43Department of Hydrology and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States
  • 44Federal Institute of Hydrology, Koblenz, Germany
  • 45Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, KU Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
  • 46International GEWEX Project Office, Washington, DC, United States
  • 47European Space Agency, ESRIN, Frascati, Italy
  • 48European Space Agency, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
  • Deceased 2 July 2017

Abstract. In 2009, the International Soil Moisture Network (ISMN) was initiated as a community effort, funded by the European Space Agency, to serve as a centralised data hosting facility for globally available in situ soil moisture measurements (Dorigo et al., 2011a, b). The ISMN brings together in situ soil moisture measurements collected and freely shared by a multitude of organisations, harmonizes them in terms of units and sampling rates, applies advanced quality control, and stores them in a database. Users can freely retrieve the data from this database through an online web portal ( Meanwhile, the ISMN has evolved into the primary in situ soil moisture reference database worldwide, as evidenced by more than 3000 active users and over 1000 scientific publications referencing the data sets provided by the network. As of December 2020, the ISMN now contains data of 65 networks and 2678 stations located all over the globe, with a time period spanning from 1952 to present.The number of networks and stations covered by the ISMN is still growing and many of the data sets contained in the database continue to be updated. The main scope of this paper is to inform readers about the evolution of the ISMN over the past decade,including a description of network and data set updates and quality control procedures. A comprehensive review of existing literature making use of ISMN data is also provided in order to identify current limitations in functionality and data usage, and to shape priorities for the next decade of operations of this unique community-based data repository.

Wouter Dorigo et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-2', Jianzhi Dong, 03 Mar 2021
  • RC1: 'Comment on hess-2021-2', Jan Friesen, 08 Mar 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on hess-2021-2', Mirko Mälicke, 03 May 2021

Wouter Dorigo et al.

Wouter Dorigo et al.


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