17 Sep 2020

17 Sep 2020

Review status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

Salinization origin of Souf Terminal Complex: Application of statistical modelling and WQI for groundwater management

Hafidha Khebizi1, Bachir Benlaoukli1, Foued Bouaicha2, Patrick Adadzi3, and Omar Bouras4 Hafidha Khebizi et al.
  • 1MDWR laboratory, National Higher School of Hydraulics (NHSH), Blida, 09000, Algeria
  • 2Département de biologie appliquée, Université frères Mentouri, 25000, Constantine, Algérie
  • 3Institute for Groundwater Studies, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University ofthe Free State Bloemfontein, South Africa
  • 4WESD Laboratory, Department of Process Engineering – Saad Da'hlab-Blida University 1, Blida, 09000, Algeria

Abstract. The natural salinization of Souf sandy Terminal Complex groundwater notably Pontian and Mio-Pliocene has increased four times for the last 30 years, because of over pumping for drinking and irrigation. Application of the multivariate statistical modelling and the Water Quality Index (WOI) to evaluate the groundwater variables have been done, by the investigation of water samples collected from 25 boreholes, in May 2018. Cluster analysis identified three main water types based on the major ionic contents. Factor Analysis and Principal Component Analysis methods confirmed the cluster analysis results. The water groups have sodi-potassic facies which dominate in the western part of Souf, compared to the eastern part and they have generally poor quality. An osmosis phenomenon allowed the homogenization of Pontian and Mio-Pliocene groundwater. The contact of Terminal Complex with the Eocene dolomite and Senonian evaporitic allows introducing a new preferential dissolution corridors concept in which an underground leaching front occurs with the increased pumping. Overlying sandy rocks subsidence can be produced gradually with a rise in the static groundwater level because of the leached underground Senonian evaporitic rocks. Closure of wells intersecting the evaporitic layers and minimizing of pumping from Terminal Complex groundwater in the Southwest part of Souf is strongly recommended, and the groundwater is requiring treatment before supply.

Hafidha Khebizi et al.

Status: closed
Status: closed
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Hafidha Khebizi et al.

Hafidha Khebizi et al.


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Short summary
This work aims to study the Terminal Complex salinization origin. the over pumping from this groundwater for irrigation and drinking water supply has caused a degradation of the water quality which has directly influenced human health and the date palms production. Analysis methods are used to better manage the groundwater by a good understunding of the lithological nature. This study offers a new management strategy by integrating new mineralization concepts to minimize salinization risks.