Status: this preprint was under review for the journal HESS but the revision was not accepted.
Soil water content evaluation considering time-invariant spatial pattern and space-variant temporal change
W. Huand B. C. Si
Abstract. Soil water content (SWC) varies in space and time. The objective of this study was to evaluate soil water content distribution using a statistical model. The model divides spatial SWC series into time-invariant spatial patterns, space-invariant temporal changes, and space- and time-dependent redistribution terms. The redistribution term is responsible for the temporal changes in spatial patterns of SWC. An empirical orthogonal function was used to separate the total variations of redistribution terms into the sum of the product of spatial structures (EOFs) and temporally-varying coefficients (ECs). Model performance was evaluated using SWC data of near-surface (0–0.2 m) and root-zone (0–1.0 m) from a Canadian Prairie landscape. Three significant EOFs were identified for redistribution term for both soil layers. EOF1 dominated the variations of redistribution terms and it resulted in more changes (recharge or discharge) in SWC at wetter locations. Depth to CaCO3 layer and organic carbon were the two most important controlling factors of EOF1, and together, they explained over 80% of the variations in EOF1. Weak correlation existed between either EOF2 or EOF3 and the observed factors. A reasonable prediction of SWC distribution was obtained with this model using cross validation. The model performed better in the root zone than in the near surface, and it outperformed conventional EOF method in case soil moisture deviated from the average conditions.
How to cite. Hu, W. and Si, B. C.: Soil water content evaluation considering time-invariant spatial pattern and space-variant temporal change, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 10, 12829–12860, https://doi.org/10.5194/hessd-10-12829-2013, 2013.
Received: 14 Sep 2013 – Discussion started: 28 Oct 2013