Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 3, 71–84, 1999
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-3-71-1999

Special issue: The TIGER Programme

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 3, 71–84, 1999
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-3-71-1999

  31 Mar 1999

31 Mar 1999

A coupled dual source GCM SVAT

E. M. Blyth1, R. J. Harding1, and R. Essery2 E. M. Blyth et al.
  • 1Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8BB, UK
  • 2Hadley Centre, Bracknell, Berks RG12 2SY, UK

Abstract. The single source SVAT scheme (MOSES) used in the UK Meteorological Office GCM is modified to include two sources. The performances of the original and the new scheme are compared with minimal calibration against data from sparse vegetation taken from the HAPEX-Sahel experiment. Both schemes perform well; in particular the dual source SVAT successfully simulates the different temperatures of the sparse vegetation and soil. It is demonstrated that the two sources need to be coupled, rather than acting independently, for an accurate result. Some components of the single and dual source schemes are driven offline by measured surface temperature. In this case a dual source SVAT scheme performs significantly better than a single source scheme.

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