Regional-scale brine migration along vertical pathways due to CO2 injection – Part 1: The participatory modeling approach
- 1Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlstrasse 11, 76133 Karlsruhe, Germany
- 2DIALOGIK, Lerchenstraße 22, 70176 Stuttgart, Germany
- 3Department of Hydromechanics and Modelling of Hydrosystems, University Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 61, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
- 4Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany
Abstract. Saltwater intrusion into potential drinking water aquifers due to the injection of CO2 into deep saline aquifers is one of the potential hazards associated with the geological storage of CO2. Thus, in a site selection process, models for predicting the fate of the displaced brine are required, for example, for a risk assessment or the optimization of pressure management concepts. From the very beginning, this research on brine migration aimed at involving expert and stakeholder knowledge and assessment in simulating the impacts of injecting CO2 into deep saline aquifers by means of a participatory modeling process. The involvement exercise made use of two approaches. First, guideline-based interviews were carried out, aiming at eliciting expert and stakeholder knowledge and assessments of geological structures and mechanisms affecting CO2-induced brine migration. Second, a stakeholder workshop including the World Café format yielded evaluations and judgments of the numerical modeling approach, scenario selection, and preliminary simulation results. The participatory modeling approach gained several results covering brine migration in general, the geological model sketch, scenario development, and the review of the preliminary simulation results. These results were included in revised versions of both the geological model and the numerical model, helping to improve the analysis of regional-scale brine migration along vertical pathways due to CO2 injection.